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Report on Outstanding Species at Risk
Last update June 2010

Under the Species at Risk Act (SARA), the Governor in Council can, within nine months of receiving an assessment of the status of a species by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), either;

  1. accept the assessment and add the species to Schedule 1;
  2. decide to not add the species to Schedule 1; or
  3. refer the assessment back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.

The current status of species under extended consultations or for which a Not List decision was made by the GiC to accommodate further consultations. Decisions to Refer species back to COSEWIC for further consideration are also included.

Batch 1 - Species submitted by COSEWIC to the Minister of the Environment on January 15, 2004 (8 species)

Batch 1 - Terrestrial species not added to Schedule 1 of SARA (3 species)

Batch 1 Terrestrial, Not Listed (2 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Grizzly Bear
(Ursus arctos)
Northwestern
population
YT NT NUBC ABSpecial ConcernGovernor in Council Decision: 12 Jan 2005. Not listed at this time, pending completion of a consultation process with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.

See Rationale for decision

Consultations with Nunavut Wildlife Management Board are complete. The Minister of the Environment is awaiting reassessment of this species.
COSEWIC is expected to reassess this species on or before May 2012.
Wolverine
(Gulo gulo)
Western population
YT NT NUBC AB SKMB ONSpecial ConcernGovernor in Council Decision: 12 Jan 2005. Not listed at this time, pending completion of a consultation process with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.

See Rationale for decision

Consultations with Nunavut Wildlife Management Board are complete. The Minister of the Environment is awaiting reassessment of this species.
COSEWIC is expected to reassess this species on or before May 2012.
Batch 1 Terrestrial, Referred back (1 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Polar Bear
(Ursus maritimus)
YT NT NUMB ONQC NL Arctic OceanSpecial ConcernGovernor in Council Decision: 12 Jan 2005. Not listed at this time, pending completion of a consultation process with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.

See Rationale for decision

Governor in Council Decision: 14 Jul 2005. Referred back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.

See Rationale for decision

COSEWIC Reassessment: April 2008, Special Concern. Extended consultations will end on July 4, 2010.

Batch 1 - 5 Aquatic species not included on Schedule 1 of SARA (5 species)

Batch 1 Aquatic, Referred back (5 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Atlantic Cod
(Gadus morhua)
Arctic population
Arctic OceanSpecial ConcernGovernor in Council Decision: 06 Apr 2006. Referred back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.

See Rationale for decision

15 Dec 2006: COSEWIC reaffirmed their original assessment. Minister's Receipt occurred on 15 Dec 2006. April 2010: COSEWIC determined that the Arctic population should be treated as two populations and assessed the Arctic Lakes population as Special Concern and the Arctic Marine population as Data Deficient. The Minister is expected to receive the new assessments in August, 2010.
Bocaccio
(Sebastes
paucispinis
)
Pacific OceanThreatenedGovernor in Council Decision: 06 Apr 2006. Referred back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.

See Rationale for decision

15 Dec 2006: COSEWIC reaffirmed their original assessment. Minister's Receipt occurred on 15 Dec 2006.
Consultations ended 30 Dec 2008 and GiC Receipt is targeted for Spring 2010.
Cusk
(Brosme brosme)
Atlantic OceanThreatenedGovernor in Council Decision: 06 Apr 2006. Referred back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.

See Rationale for decision

15 Dec 2006: COSEWIC reaffirmed their original assessment. Minister's Receipt occurred on 15 Dec 2006.
Preliminary consultations ended 30 Dec 2008. Pending further consultations with affected communities.
Lake Winnipeg Physa Snail
(Physa sp.)
MBEndangeredGovernor in Council Decision: 06 Apr 2006. Referred back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.

See Rationale for decision

15 Dec 2006: COSEWIC reaffirmed their original assessment. Minister's Receipt occurred on 15 Dec 2006. GiC Receipt is targeted for Spring 2010.
Shortjaw Cisco
(Coregonus
zenithicus
)
NT ABSK MBONThreatenedGovernor in Council Decision: 06 Apr 2006. Referred back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.

See Rationale for decision

COSEWIC will proceed with the reassessment once the relevant Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge is available.

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Batch 2 - Species submitted by COSEWIC to the Minister of the Environment on July 19, 2004 (9 species)

Batch 2 - Terrestrial species not added to Schedule 1 of SARA (4 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Barren-ground Caribou
(Rangifer tarandus
groenlandicus
)
Dolphin and Union
population
NT NUSpecial ConcernGovernor in Council Decision: 14 Jul 2005. Not listed at this time, pending completion of a consultation process with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.

See Rationale for decision

The consultation process with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board has been completed. GiC Receipt is targeted for Spring of 2010.
Peary Caribou
(Rangifer tarandus
pearyi
)
NT NUEndangeredGovernor in Council Decision: 14 Jul 2005. Not listed at this time, pending completion of a consultation process with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.

See Rationale for decision

The consultation process with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board has been completed. GiC Receipt is targeted for Spring of 2010.
Plains Bison
(Bison bison bison)
BC ABSK MBThreatenedGiC decision: 14 July 2005. Not listed at this time, for potential economic implications for the Canadian bison industry.

See Rationale for decision
Porsild's Bryum
(Mielichhoferia
macrocarpa
)
NU BCAB NLThreatenedGovernor in Council Decision: 14 Jul 2005. Not listed at this time, pending completion of a consultation process with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.

See Rationale for decision

The consultation process with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board has been completed. GiC Receipt is targeted for Spring of 2010.
Batch 2 - Aquatic species not added to Schedule 1 of SARA (5 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Beluga Whale
(Delphinapterus
leucas
)
Cumberland Sound
population
NU Arctic OceanThreatenedGovernor in Council Decision: 15 Aug 2006. The decision was made not to list at that time, pending the harmonization of a process between the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and SARA.

See Rationale for decision

Consultations with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board are currently underway.
Beluga Whale
(Delphinapterus
leucas
)
Eastern High
Arctic - Baffin Bay
population
NU Arctic OceanSpecial ConcernGovernor in Council Decision: 15 Aug 2006. The decision was made not to list at that time, pending the harmonization of a process between the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and SARA.

See Rationale for decision

Consultations with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board are currently underway.
Beluga Whale
(Delphinapterus
leucas
)
Eastern Hudson
Bay population
NU QC Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanEndangeredGovernor in Council Decision: 15 Aug 2006. The decision was made not to list at that time, pending the harmonization of a process between the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and SARA.

See Rationale for decision

Pending consultations with the Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board.
Beluga Whale
(Delphinapterus
leucas
)
Ungava Bay
population
QC Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanEndangeredGovernor in Council Decision: 15 Aug 2006. The decision was made not to list at that time, pending the harmonization of a process between the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and SARA.

See Rationale for decision

Pending consultations with the Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board.
Beluga Whale
(Delphinapterus
leucas
)
Western Hudson
Bay population
NU MB ON Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanSpecial ConcernGovernor in Council Decision: 15 Aug 2006. The decision was made not to list at that time, pending the harmonization of a process between the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and SARA.

See Rationale for decision

Pending consultations with the Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board.

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Batch 3 - Species submitted by COSEWIC to the Minister of the Environment on August 8, 2005 (9 species)

Batch 3 Aquatic, Extended Consultations (6 species)

Batch 3 Aquatic, Extended Consultations complete (3 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Striped Bass
(Morone saxatilis)
Bay of Fundy
population
NB NS Atlantic OceanThreatenedConsultations ended 01 Apr 2006.
Striped Bass
(Morone saxatilis)
Southern Gulf of
St. Lawrence
population
QC NBPE NS Atlantic OceanThreatenedMinister's Receipt occurred on 12 Aug 2005.
Striped Bass
(Morone saxatilis)
St. Lawrence
Estuary population
QC Atlantic OceanExtirpatedConsultations ended 31 Mar 2006 and GiC Receipt is targeted for Spring 2010.

 

Batch 3 Aquatic, Extended Consultations ongoing (3 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Bowhead Whale
(Balaena
mysticetus
)
Hudson Bay-Foxe
Basin population
Arctic OceanNon-ActivePreliminary consultations ended 31 Mar 2006.
This population has since been reassigned by COSEWIC to the Eastern Canada-West Greenland population of Bowhead Whale and re-assessed as Special Concern. Minister's Receipt occurred on 28 Aug 2009. The Eastern Canada-West Greenland population of Bowhead Whale is now undergoing extended consultations. Pending consultations with the Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board and the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.
Bowhead Whale
(Balaena
mysticetus
)
Davis Strait-Baffin
Bay population
Arctic OceanNon-ActivePreliminary consultations ended 31 Mar 2006.
This population has since been reassigned by COSEWIC to the Eastern Canada-West Greenland population of Bowhead Whale and re-assessed as Special Concern. Minister's Receipt occurred on 28 Aug 2009. The Eastern Canada-West Greenland population of Bowhead Whale is now undergoing extended consultations. Pending consultations with the Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board and the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.
Narwhal
(Monodon
monoceros
)
Arctic OceanSpecial ConcernPreliminary consultations ended 31 Mar 2006.
Pending consultations with the Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board.

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Batch 4 - Species submitted by COSEWIC to the Minister of the Environment on August 31, 2006 (12 species)

Batch 4 - Aquatic species following Extended Consultations (11 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
American Eel
(Anguilla rostrata)
ON QCNBPE NS NL Atlantic OceanSpecial ConcernPending further consultations with affected communities.
Atlantic Salmon
(Salmo salar)
Lake Ontario
population
ONExtirpatedPreliminary consultations ended 30 Mar 2007.
Pending science advice and socio-economic analysis.
Atlantic Walrus
(Odobenus
rosmarus
rosmarus
)
NU MBON QC NBPENSNL Arctic OceanSpecial ConcernPreliminary consultations ended 28 Feb 2007.
Pending consultations with the Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board.
Blue Shark
(Prionace glauca)
Atlantic population
QC NL NB NSPE

Atlantic Ocean
Special ConcernConsultations ended 01 Apr 2007.
Harbour Porpoise
(Phocoena
phocoena
)
Northwest Atlantic
population
QC NL NB NSPENU

Atlantic Ocean
Special ConcernGovernor in Council Decision: 06 Apr 2006. Referred back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.

See Rationale for decision

COSEWIC re-assessment: April 2006.
Minister's Receipt occurred on 31 Aug 2006.
Pending consultations with the Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board.
Mapleleaf Mussel
(Quadrula
quadrula
)
Great Lakes -
Western St.
Lawrence
population
ONThreatenedPreliminary consultations ended 30 Mar 2007.
Pending science advice and completion of socio-economic analysis.
Mapleleaf Mussel
(Quadrula
quadrula
)
Saskatchewan -
Nelson population
MBEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 30 Mar 2007.
Pending science advice and completion of socio-economic analysis.
Northern Fur Seal
(Callorhinus
ursinus
)
BC Pacific OceanThreatenedGovernor in Council Receipt: 12 June 2008; decision required by 12 March 2009.
Governor in Council Decision: 5 Mar 2009. Refer back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.
Rainbow Mussel
(Villosa iris)
ONEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 30 Mar 2007.
Pending science advice, completion of socio-economic analysis and additional consultations.
Shortfin Mako
(Isurus
oxyrinchus
)
Atlantic population
Atlantic OceanThreatenedConsultations ended 01 Apr 2007.
White Shark
(Carcharodon
carcharias
)
Atlantic population
Atlantic OceanEndangeredConsultations ended 01 Apr 2007.

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Batch 5 - Species submitted by COSEWIC to the Minister of the Environment on August 30, 2007 (23 species)

Batch 5 - Terrestrial species: (4 species incomplete)

Batch 5 Terrestrial, Referred back (1 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Ghost Antler
(Pseudevernia
cladonia
)
QC NBNSSpecial ConcernGovernor in Council Decision: 13 Dec 2007. Referred back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration. COSEWIC expected to reassess in April 2011.

 

Batch 5 Terrestrial, Extended Consultations ongoing (3 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Red Knot rufa subspecies
(Calidris canutus
rufa
)
NTNUBC ABSKMB ON QCNBPE NS NLEndangeredExtended consultations ended on March 19, 2010. GiC receipt is targeted for the Fall of 2010.
Red Knot islandica subspecies
(Calidris canutus
islandica
)
NTNUSpecial ConcernExtended consultations ended on March 19, 2010. GiC receipt is targeted for the Fall of 2010.
Peregrine Falcon anatum/tundrius
(Falco peregrinus
anatum/tundrius
)
YT NT NUBCAB SKMBON QCNBNS NLSpecial ConcernExtended consultations ended on March 19, 2010. GiC receipt is targeted for the Fall of 2010.

Batch 5 - Aquatic species: Extended consultations (17 species)

Batch 5 Aquatic, Extended Consultations ongoing (13 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Sowerby's Beaked Whale
(Mesoplodon
bidens
)
Atlantic OceanSpecial ConcernConsultations ended 14 Dec 2007 and GiC Receipt is targeted for Spring of 2010.
Eastern Pondmussel
(Ligumia nasuta)
ONEndangeredConsultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending science advice.
Roughhead Grenadier
(Macrourus
berglax
)
Atlantic OceanSpecial ConcernMinister's Receipt occurred on 30 Aug 2007. Pending consultations with the Nunavik Marine Region Wildlife Board.
Redside Dace
(Clinostomus
elongatus
)
ONEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending science advice and socio-economic analysis.
Lake Sturgeon
(Acipenser
fulvescens
)
Great Lakes -
Upper St.
Lawrence
populations
ON QCThreatenedPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Additional consultations required.
Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser
fulvescens
)
Nelson River
populations
MBEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending science advice, completion of socio-economic analysis and additional consultations.
Lake Sturgeon
(Acipenser
fulvescens
)
Saskatchewan River
populations
AB SKMBEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending science advice, completion of socio-economic analysis and additional consultations.
Lake Sturgeon
(Acipenser
fulvescens
)
Red-Assiniboine
Rivers - Lake
Winnipeg
populations
SK MBONEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending science advice, completion of socio-economic analysis and additional consultations.
Lake Sturgeon
(Acipenser
fulvescens
)
Winnipeg River -
English River
populations
MB ONEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending science advice, completion of socio-economic analysis and additional consultations.
Lake Sturgeon
(Acipenser
fulvescens
)
Western Hudson
Bay populations
SK MBEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending science advice, completion of socio-economic analysis and additional consultations.
Lake Sturgeon
(Acipenser
fulvescens
)
Lake of the Woods
- Rainy River
populations
ONSpecial ConcernPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending additional consultations with affected communities.
Lake Sturgeon
(Acipenser
fulvescens
)
Southern Hudson
Bay - James Bay
populations
MB ONQCSpecial ConcernPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending additional consultations with affected communities.
Westslope Cutthroat Trout
(Oncorhynchus
clarkii lewisi
)
Alberta population
ABThreatenedPreliminary consultations ended 25 Apr 2008. Pending socio-economic analysis.

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Batch 6 - Species submitted by COSEWIC to the Minister of the Environment on August 28, 2008 (5 species)

Batch 6 Terrestrial, Following Extended Consultations (2 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Polar Bear
(Ursus maritimus)
YT NT NUMBONQC NL Arctic OceanSpecial ConcernExtended consultations will end on July 4, 2010.
Short-eared Owl
(Asio flammeus)
YT NT NUBCAB SKMBON QCNBPE NS NLSpecial ConcernExtended consultations ended on March 19, 2010. GiC receipt is targeted for the Fall of 2010.

Batch 6 - Aquatic species not added to Schedule 1 of SARA (3 species)

Batch 6 Aquatic, Following Extended Consultations (3 species)
SpeciesRangeCOSEWIC StatusCurrent Situation
Fawnsfoot
(Truncilla
donaciformis
)
ONEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 30 Mar 2009. Pending science advice and additional consultations.
Harbour Seal, Lacs des Loups, Marins subspecies
(Phoca vitulina
mellonae
)
QCEndangeredPreliminary consultations ended 31 Mar 2009. Pending completion of socio-economic analysis and possibly additional consultations.
Canary Rockfish
(Sebastes pinniger)
Pacific OceanThreatenedExtended consultations ended 30 Dec 2008. GiC receipt targeted for Spring 2010.